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Striking a balance: fungal commensalism versus pathogenesis.

TitleStriking a balance: fungal commensalism versus pathogenesis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsIliev ID, Underhill DM
JournalCurr Opin Microbiol
Volume16
Issue3
Pagination366-73
Date Published2013 Jun
ISSN1879-0364
KeywordsAnimals, Fungi, Humans, Symbiosis, Virulence
Abstract

The environment is suffused with nearly countless types of fungi, and our immune systems must be tuned to cope with constant exposure to them. In addition, it is becoming increasingly clear that many surfaces of our bodies are colonized with complex populations of fungi (the mycobiome) in the same way that they are colonized with complex populations of bacteria. The immune system must tolerate colonization with commensal fungi but defend against fungal invasion. Truly life-threatening fungal infections are common only when this balance is disrupted through, for example, profound immunosuppression or genetic mutation. Recent studies have begun to shed light on how this balance is established and maintained, and suggest future studies on the role of fungi in homeostatic conditions.

DOI10.1016/j.mib.2013.05.004
Alternate JournalCurr. Opin. Microbiol.
PubMed ID23756050
PubMed Central IDPMC3742553
Grant ListR01 DK093426 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States